In 1957 the first contact was made along the Casuary Coast by a medical patrol. The hundred kilometre coast and the stroke of land situated inland from the coast were in those days regarded as one of the wildest areas of Papua New Guinea.
Doctor Willem Visser, was one of the members of the expedition into this area. An expedition which was certainly not without danger.
“ With this sort of work one never knows, whether or not arrows will fly, or if sago is going to be offered as a sign of friendship when a population of head hunters and men eaters first come into contact with white men in their enormous ship”
The male bird of paradise with its strikingly colourful plumage is an amazing spectacle in the jungle of New Guinea jungle. In the mating season, its bright red, yellow and blue feathers stand out against the green of the rainforest. This special bird belongs to one of the most beautiful in the world and it has inspired many an artist. Papuan peoples, on in the Indonesian part of the island and n Papua New Guinea (PNG), still use the
In the early 20th Century, Dutch authority in the western half of New Guinea is negligible and superficially established in areas located along the coast. The government consultant for overseas areas in the Dutch East Indies, Hendrik Colijn, who became Prime Minister of the Netherlands in August 1925, presents a plan in 1906 for military detachments to start exploring the interior of Dutch New Guinea.
A memorial, along the road between Jayapura and Lake Sentani, was unveiled on 18 November 2004 to commemorate the first DETA-men who arrived on New Guinea soil 55 years ago. The memorial was created by former DETA-men Daan Sahetapy, Nico van Balgooij and Ruud Tomasow.
Just before the transfer of the Dutch East on 27 December 1949, the Dutch Government engaged more than a 1000 young men of Dutch-Indonesian heritage.
On November 18, 1961 the wooden catamaran of recently graduated American student Michael Clark Rockefeller capsized on a journey between the coastal villages of Agats and Atsj in south New Guinea due to huge waves on the Arafura Sea. Michael took the decision to swim ashore in order to fetch help. However, in Papua the swampy shore line is infested with alligators.
Little is known about prehistoric times in former Dutch New Guinea. Because of the inhospitable landscape and fast growing vegetation in the rainforests, only a few traces of the past remain. The semi-nomadic lifestyle of the indigenous people does not leave much evidence to go on either. The first inhabitants of New Guinea are thought to have migrated to this island via South-east Asia around 50.000 years ago. It is possible to form an impression of the timeframe from the beginning of the megalithic period, 30.000 to 40.000 BC.
At the beginning of WWII, Queen Wilhelmina in London and the illegal news paper ‘Het Parool’ argued that all NSB members ( Nationalistic Socialist Bond) should be deported to Borneo, Suriname or New Guinea. Once in the colonies, these collaborators were to be sentenced to forced labour. This perception changed towards the end of the war. On 29 January 1944, Minister Jaap Burger from Internal Affairs called for the NSB members to be detained pending an official trial.
On Valentine’s Day 14 February 2008, the regular feature ’Andere Tijden’ , a history-based program on Dutch television, broadcasted a poignant story about the forbidden love between a Dutch missionary and a young Papuan woman living in former Dutch New Guinea. Their relationship became a huge scandal and the couple fled into the jungle to escape the fury of the local bishop. When they married,
The North New Guinea Expedition in 1903 was the first official Dutch expedition into New Guinea and its goal was to explore the North Coast of the Dutch part of the island and explore whether exploitable coal beds were present. The exploration concentrated on the Geelvink Bay and Humboldt Bay areas, and also included Lake Sentani. The leader of the expedition was the German Geologist Arthur Wichmann, founder of Earth Sciences at the University of Utrecht.